How are ocean currents formed, do they differ from waves? How do they influence the climate, landscape and our daily lives? How does the thermohaline circulation work, and why is the Arctic driving it? Does climate change threaten the current system and what does this mean for us?

Learn all bout the most spectacular dance of water on our planet. No matter where you live: they affect your life every day!

Introduction

To start with: let’s make sure everyone recognizes the oceans. Are there 5 or 4? An interactive map game will help to find out. Ocean currents are not the only water movements: what are the differences between them? Students will learn that thanks to a short video and flopping flash cards.

Inquiry

In this part students will anayse mechanisms behind global system of ocean currents (2 main types of currents, primary and secondary forces driving the movement, thermohaline circulation and global conveyor belt. They will also recognize the importance of ocean currents nd how climate change disrupts these processess. Students will use 2 presentations (one .pdf, one video), prepare a concept map and try to identify loops, explain the mechanisms by building sentences with conditionals and variables.

Research

Students will first work with an articles, and based on its content they will describe different methods of studying ocean currents. Then will get acquainted with very sophisticated methods – such as supercomputer simulations,but lso a fantastic story of rubber ducks that helped to discover currents system.

Activities

This part offers fun, engaging and diverse activities, including experiments and online tasks. Prepare an experiment to see how global conveyor belt works, draw a route of a rubber duck, play an online “GO WITH THE FLOW” game, solve the “swimming” quiz.

Ideas

Students will learn that ocean currents can also serve as renewable energy source. Some pros and cons of its exploitation are given, as an inspiration to discuss.

Wrap up

Students recapitulate all they’ve learned, using “FILL IN THE BLANKS” activity, recognizing currents and finally, they decide what are the most important things to remember and discuss.