The Arctic is an area where the feedbacks between the processes of global warming and economic expansion are more pronounced than in other parts of the globe.
The warming trend in the Arctic is at least twice as large as the global average in recent decades. The loss of sea ice amplifies the warming trend because the ocean surface absorbs more sun heat than the surface of snow and ice. How does that affect the planet?
More than 2.5 million years ago, the Earth’s climate cooled significantly.
Caves are naturally formed voids in rocks of such size that a person can enter them (crawl, squeeze in, but also run or climb up, seeing with difficulty their walls and ceilings in the light of even strong lamps).
The Arctic has a cold climate. This is mainly because the Earth’s axis is tilted relative to the Sun and less solar energy reaches the polar regions.
Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago, located between mainland Norway and the North Pole.
Water in the Arctic that either fell as rain or melted from snow and ice, flows via different paths before reaching the ocean.
What is paleoclimatology, what are archives and proxies?
Inhabited by the descendants of the Vikings, a volcanic island torn between two retracting continental plates – Laurentian (Canadian) and Eurasian.
What mainly sets humans apart from other animal species is our technological abilities.